The current Rhode Island State House was built on the site of Snowtown. Following the Gradual Emancipation Act of 1784, newly emancipated, indentured and freeborn Black Rhode Islanders needed places to live, work, play and build community. In a pattern typical to the U.S., a statewide social, legal and economic system of white supremacy replaced the social, legal and economic system of slavery. Alongside white and Indigenous poor and working class people, Black residents settled in marginalized Providence neighborhoods such as Hardscrabble, Snowtown, Olney Street and Stamper’s. Archival and archeological records present examples of persistence, entrepreneurship and care work in these majority Black communities, which were also targets of racially motivated oppression and violence.